Gardening is a relaxing and beautiful way to get in touch with nature. It is the best exercise for both the body and the mind. People belong to different age groups to adopt it as a hobby and enjoy it and obtain different varieties of delicious fruit, tasteful vegetables, and herbs. If some people are taking gardening as a hobby, then at the same time, the majority of them are professional gardeners. So many people are directly or indirectly linked with this profession.
Gardening is the best occupation so anyone who is linked with this profession should know the complete procedure of gardening from seed to site selection, from site preparation to planting and from harvesting to storing the crop. Before planting the crop, mostly gardener learns how to plant their crop. They just plant their crop and leave that as it is and don’t care the crop too much. Unfortunately, the majority among beginner gardeners and few among old gardeners don’t know how to care their plant to obtain the best production.
5 steps for plant care in your garden
Whether you are a beginner gardener or an expert one, these 5 steps will explain all fundamental and essential steps related to plant care or garden care in details. So you will learn how to protect your crop from harmful climate effects? Which problems occur due to deficiency of water or overwatering and how to overcome these problems by watering fairly? Furthermore, you will learn which fertilizers you should use to improve the nutrients which are extremely crucial for the crop? If you don’t supply or the deficiency these nutrients can create different harmful effects for your crops. Moreover, you will learn the importance of indoors and outdoors gardening and how it helps in plant care? Additionally, this guide will cover several other severe problems and the necessary steps for your garden care.
Step 1: Climate effects
First of all, you should keep in mind that climate has several effects on your crop. So climates effects both positively and negatively as well. Sun plays an important role in the growth of the plants and improves the germination process of the seeds. Furthermore, it is useful in the ripening of the fruits. So many plants require direct sunlight almost 6 hours per day. However, many plants require partial sunlight so you must cover them to protect from sunlight otherwise your crop can be destroyed.
Temperature is extremely useful and at the same time harmful factor for the plant. Fair temperature is optimal for best plant care. The requirements of the temperature vary from plant to plant. For example, tropical plants require a high temperature of about 90 F, but many other plants grow best in cooler temperature. The ideal temperature in which plants thrive is 65 to 75 F during the day time and at night, the temperature should be 55 to 65 F. If the temperature is too much high then you can protect the plant either by shading or planting indoors.
Humidity is extremely important for the best growth of the plants. Around 80% of plants grow effectively in high humidity. Unfortunately, many beginner gardeners face the problem of low humidity because they don’t know how humidity effects crops. Many homes have low humidity, especially, humidity further drops dramatically when winter comes.
If you have such problem in your gardens, then try to use a humidifier. It will increase the humidity and you will have no issue of low humidity. However, it’s not only a solution, but you can also increase humidity by using a tray with pebbles and water. It boosts humidity such as a group of trees increase humidity. Moreover, daily misting the leaves of the plant can also increase the humidity.
Step 2: Water care
Water is another important factor which has a vital impact on plants growth. You should water the plant carefully. Your soil should be moist. Water the plants according to their need. If soil is too dry or damp then it can damage the roots of the plant so it will affect the growth of the plant. In this situation, your plant can die.
You should water the plant when necessary. There are different techniques to check when plants really need water. For example, you can stick your finger in the soil to determine the wetness of the soil. Moreover, if you notice a color change turned from deep to lighter one than it’s mean you should water the plant.
Dehydration is a severe problem so for best plant care, never let your soil dry. Roots can be damaged just because of dehydration. There are different signs to protect your crop from dehydration. When dehydration occurs, leaf growth becomes slow and leaves become translucent. Whenever you feel such signs in your crop then immediately, water the crop. Otherwise, the crop can be damaged entirely.
Overwatering is as dangerous as dehydration. Frequent watering opens the door for air, harmful bacteria, and fungus to move in and damaged the root. When overwatering occur, you will notice mold or fungus on the surface of the soil. Polling of the water will occur. Old and young, all types of leaves fall off.
Whenever you notice this symptom then stop watering further. To avoid overwatering, you should learn in advance which plants require more and which require less water. For example, flowering and large leaves plants require more water. Moreover, plants having direct sunlight require more water. Dormant and thick leaves plant require less water. Plants grow indoor or in high humidity require less water generally.
Drainage is another important factor for garden care. If you don’t have a proper system of drainage then you will not be able to obtain the healthiest yield. If you want a well-drained soil for your crop, then select the soil wisely for your crop at the start. Where water pooling occurs, don’t consider that soil for your crop. Otherwise, try to make that soil well-drained by using the best mixture of soil and add enough quantity of organic compound into the soil. If your soil is well-drained, then you will obtain maximum and tasteful crop.
Step 3: Fertilizers
Fertilizers are extremely important factors for giving essential nutrients to the crop. Mostly, the household crop doesn’t have a proper source to obtain nutrients replenishment. That’s why you should use enough amount of fertilizer regularly. You should add fertilizers at least once in a month if not in a week when flowering start. Newly plants or seedling don’t require enough amount of fertilizers because, in the greenhouse, these are heavily fertilized. Mostly, in winter, plants become dormant and the growth process becomes slow so you should add fertilizer at that time. Sometimes plants drop their lower leaves, the color of the leaves turn green to yellow and show no progress in growth so there are high chances that these require fertilizer. If a plant doesn’t need any fertilizer and you are still adding it, then it’s mean you are wasting your fertilizer and instead of advantages, it can be worse for plants.
There are two types of fertilizers, one is a natural and the other one is chemical fertilizer. You can choose among them according to your need. Let’s discuss them one by one.
Organic compounds are extremely essential and fundamental requirement which add important nutrients in the soil. These have no side effects. You can add these as much as possible in the soil to increase the fertility of the soil. It doesn’t burn the roots of the plant because it releases the sources very slowly. These are also called the natural fertilizers. It includes different organic compounds like well-rotted compost, aged manure, woods, and fish, etc. If you don’t add organic compound into the soil, you can’t obtain maximum yield with the best quality. If you want to obtain the desired results then you should add this otherwise your crop will be tasteless.
Organic compounds are extremely important which provide almost all essential nutrients to the plant. However, chemical/ synthetic fertilizers are very important because these provide all crucial nutrients to the crop. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are primary and necessary nutrients for the crop. So every plant requires a different amount of these fertilizers. If you buy a package of chemical fertilizer then you will see three values separated by dashes like N-P-K. These values provide a net percentage weight of these nutrients in the package. For best garden care, you should know the purpose of these fertilizers and when to use these to achieve your desired results.
Nitrogen is a crucial nutrient which plays an important role in the growth of a plant. If the growth of the plant is slow then nitrogen is a suitable nutrient which will strengthen the stem, and improve the growth of leaves. You can obtain it naturally by adding compost and alfalfa meal. Moreover, fish and blood meal is also the best source of nitrogen.
Phosphorus is a crucial nutrient which plays an important role in the development of roots. Furthermore, it is also necessary for the formation of seeds and ripening of the fruits. If you feel any problem in the development of roots or ripening the fruit and seed formation they should consider phosphorus for your crop. You can obtain phosphorus naturally from phosphate rock and bone-meal.
Another most important nutrient is potassium. It improves the growth of roots and resists against diseases and stress. Moreover, it enhances the taste and texture of the fruits. If you feel any problem regarding fruits tastes and texture, then you should add potassium to the soil. Greensand, wood ash and gypsum are the natural source of potassium.
The most important point, you should keep in mind that never add an excessive amount of fertilizers into the soil as most beginner gardeners do. It will burn or damage your plant roots instead of giving benefits. It is because it releases its nutrients quickly that can harm the plant.
Step 4: Plant care by indoor planting
You have already learnt about the climate effects on the crop. Climate effects include temperature and humidity etc. So you can easily protect your plants from temperature by planting them into their suitable time span. For example, any plant that requires 60 F for best growth then you should wait until temperature rise or low to 60 F. When the temperature becomes suitable, then you should plant your crop. However, it’s not always the case. You can’t always wait for suitable temperature. So to avoid from this situation, you should sow the seeds indoors to protect your seedlings from too hot or frost. When you find a suitable temperature then you can start hardening off your plants so that they can tolerate the new temperature. This process can take 1 or 2 weeks and your plant will be ready for outdoor planting.
Step 5: Other plant care techniques
So far, you have learnt all the major factors regarding your garden care. In this section, we will cover a few other important plant care strategies that you should adopt for your garden care so that you can attain maximum possible yield.
Clean your plants dust off
Sometimes a layer of dust covers the plants. First of all, it affects the natural beauty of the plants. Secondly, it is a cause of clogging the pores on the leaves so it makes growth harder. To remove the dust, you should use cleaning spray easily available in the market.
You should regularly weed your crop. Weed can grow dramatically fast. Even in a day or two, it can cover the entire garden. Weeds are an eyesore. Moreover, they absorb essential nutrients in the soil. Therefore, weeding is crucial for plant care, otherwise, you can’t obtain the healthiest production.
Mulching for garden care
Mulch is an organic compost which is added to the top of the soil. It controls moisture and stops weeds from growing. It also releases essential nutrients for the crop.
Removing dead or diseased plants
You should carefully examine your crop and remove all diseased plants from your garden. The disease can spread quickly and can destroy your all crop. When you notice dying limbs and plant color is changing then you should cut that plant off from your garden. So to protect your crop from different diseases that can vary from plant to plant, you should use different pests-killing spray.