Nowadays, greenhouse garden planting has become a hobby for different people in the world. In this article, we will explain different aspects of the greenhouse. This article will guide you about the complete working process of a greenhouse. What are the different types of the greenhouse? Moreover, the greenhouse is suitable for which types of crops? If you want to learn all such important details , then you should read this entire article for better understanding.
What is a greenhouse?
An outdoor structure, commonly known as glasshouse in Europe, which is used to grow plants. It consists of a simple glass or plastic frame, which is used to protect the crop from harmful climate effects. Furthermore, different gardeners use it to extend the growing season of the crops.
The greenhouse is used to maintain and create the best suitable temperature to grow any crop in both winter and summer alike. Although you can grow any crop in the greenhouse, the most often use of greenhouse for growing different trees and plants that require strict climate conditions. Any crop that requires moderate temperature, it is best to grow that outside.
How does a greenhouse work?
Greenhouse works on the principle of greenhouse effects. It is a process which occurs when gases on the earth become warmer due to the heat of the sun. So the earth becomes warmer due to the atmosphere. So this effect makes the earth capable enough for living beings comfortably.
The greenhouse is a structure, designed with a different material, which is warm internally. During the day, sunlight heats up the greenhouse and make it warmer so during the night it remains warm which is very important for numerous plants. So garden in greenhouse nourishes very well as compare to others most of the time.
Types of greenhouse
There are several types of greenhouses that have been designed for small gardeners and large-sized commercial purposes. Types of the greenhouse is a broad term so it can be classified into different possible ways. For example, greenhouses can be categorized on the basis of structure, shapes and even by materials because greenhouses for plants are built on the basis of different regional weather conditions. Furthermore, manufacturers also consider different types of plants which will be grown in the greenhouse during the designing.
We can divide greenhouse into 3 basic types on basis of shape and structure. I) Even Span II) Ridge and Furrow III) Contiguous greenhouse. Let’s discuss these types one by one.
1. Even Span greenhouse
Even Span is a free-standing greenhouse It is self-supporting and one of the most common types of greenhouse. It is used for local and commercial purposes. It is not connected to any other structure. Its size depends on the need of the gardeners. The manufacturer can design Even Span greenhouse in any provided size.
2. Ridge and Furrow greenhouse
It is also known as Gutter Connected greenhouse. This is basically a series of houses which are connected by each other at the gutters. They don’t have any partition for separation. It means, at least two or more than two Even Span greenhouse are combined to build just a single Ridge and Furrow greenhouse except there is no wall between two houses.
3. Contiguous greenhouses
Contiguous and Ridge and furrow greenhouses are almost similar. The only difference between both of these is there is a wall between both houses in the contiguous greenhouse which separate two houses apart.
These greenhouses contain different designs such as the atrium, Venlo, A-frame, arch gothic and sawtooth greenhouses. You can look at the shape and have further information about these greenhouses on the internet.
This is another major division of greenhouses. The construction material plays an important role in the working of the greenhouses. These greenhouses are designed by utilizing glass, polycarbonate acrylic. Furthermore, fiberglass greenhouses are also available.
Each material has its own importance. Therefore, they have different types of usage. For example, polycarbonate greenhouse has the ability to protect plants from ultraviolet rays. Furthermore, some plants need direct sunlight for the best nourishment. So glass greenhouse provides the capability of direct sunlight. Though some plants don’t require sunlight so these greenhouses are coated to minimize the light. So different aspects have to cover such as insulating value, longevity, lighting, insulating value, and cost for the designing of such greenhouse.
Nowadays, greenhouses have been advanced. You can attain the precise climate for the best growth of your crop. You can rise and cool down the temperature as well which suit the most to your crop.
What to grow in the greenhouse?
You have learnt about different greenhouses and their working. Growing in greenhouse is super easy. However, in the start, you could find it a little bit difficult to grow inside the greenhouse. You can grow different plants for their best nourishment. Many experienced people suggest different types of garden in greenhouses.
Leafy plants are the most important part of our diet because it contains different vitamins and important nutrients for the human body. If you have a greenhouse, you should consider such plants as long as possible.
Tomato is another best option to grow inside the greenhouse because of tomatoes like heats very much. If you grow tomatoes in the greenhouse then try to water them frequently. It will enhance the texture and taste of the tomatoes. Pepper is another best vegetable to grow into the greenhouse because pepper loves the heat.
There is a detailed list of vegetables that we can’t cover in this article. You should keep a few important points in your mind. All those crops which require hot climates are the best options for growing inside the greenhouse. For the best growth of these plants, you should water them frequently. You can plant mushrooms, ginseng, squash, lemons, oranges, and strawberries, etc.
You can also grow other types of the crop as well which require slightly moderate or cool temperature. Advanced greenhouses provide several functionalities so that you can grow any type of crop.